About Tehran Sightseeing
Jewelry Museum
There is no exact information on the quality and quantity of the treasures of jewels before the Safavid era, and it can be said that the history of Iranian jewelry begins from the time of the Safavid sultans. How to compile and create the current collection can be summarized as follows:
Before Safavid, there were jewelry items in the state treasury, and according to the writings of foreign tourists (Jean Baptiste Tavernie, Knights Shardin, Shirley brothers, Varenig and others), the Safavid sultans began collecting jewels about a century (907 to 1148 AH.), and even Safavid government experts bought jewels from Indian, Ottoman, and European countries such as France and Italy, and they were brought them to Isfahan (Capital of Iran).
Thus, at the end of the reign of Shah Sultan Hussein and with the arrival of Mahmud Afgan in Iran, the state treasury corrupted by the Afghan invaders was dispersed, and some of them were shifted by Mahmud Afghan to Ashraf Afghan after the arrival of Shah Tahmasb II with Nader to Isfahan, had fallen by Nader and prevented them from leaving Iran.
Later, Nader, wrote letters to the Indian court to take back that piece of jewelry that had gone to India, but he heard an unfortunate response. After Nader battle in India (1158 AH.), Mohammad Shah, were delivered some cash, jewels and arms to Nader. Part of property and treasure that obtained by Nader from India, did not reach Iran and went away on the way back to Iran. After returning to Iran, Nader sent a considerable amount of jewelry to the name of Armaghan for the rulers and kings of neighboring countries. He also presented some of the precious objects to the throne of Imam Reza (AS) and divided some of them among his armies.
In 1160 AD. Ah and after the murder of Nader, Ahmad Beyk Afghan Abdali, from Nader commanders, began to plunder Nader treasury jewels. Among these jewels that left Iran and never returned, the famous diamond was "Mount Nour". This diamond had fallen by Ahmad Shah Dorani and Ranjit Singh Punjabi. "Mount Nour" fell into the grasp of the East India Company, in 1266 AD. And donated to the Queen of Victoria with the defeat of Ranjit Singh from England.
From then until Qajar era, the remainder of the treasury did not change much. In the Qajar era, a collection of jewels was collected and recorded, and a number of jewels were erected on the Kayani crown, the Naderi throne, the jewelery globe and the peacock bed (sun bed).
Two other gems, which were gradually added to the collection, one turquois that is one of the precious gems of Iranian origin, extracted from the mines of Neyshabur and the other pearls hunted from the Persian Gulf.
Under the law of November 25, 1916, most of the jewels were transferred to the National Bank of Iran, and then placed as a backup bills and later bonds of government debt instruments were issued to the bank for the backing of the banknote.
The current treasury of jewelry was created in 1334 and opened in 1339 with the establishment of the Central Bank of Iran, and was deposited in this bank and is now is under protection of the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
During the glorious Islamic Revolution of Iran and the imposed war, this magnificent treasure and preserved by revolutionary staff of the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Address:: Tehran Province, Tehran, Javadiyeh, 213 Avenue Central Bank of, Ferdowsi ,, Phone: +98 21 6446 4700
Entrance fee:IR200,000
Visiting Hours: Saturday to Tuesday, 14.00 - 16.30
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